"Ukraine’s prospects for European integration"

12.03.2012

On 15-25 December 2011, Gorshenin Institute (Kiev, Ukraine), Ukrayinskyy Zhurnal (Prague, the Czech Republic) and the Nowa Europa Wschodnia publication (Krakow, Poland) jointly conducted an expert opinion poll on the state of democracy in Ukraine and the process of its integration into the European Union.

The expert group consisted of leading Ukrainian scientists, experts in the economic and cultural sectors, and representatives of NGOs.

Please choose the most significant threats to democracy in Ukraine:

(the respondents were able to choose several options)

  • A high level of corruption - 75%
  • The absence of citizens’ control over political decision-making - 75%
  • Administrative pressure on the judiciary - 70%
  • A low effectiveness of the legal system - 70%
  • An institutional weakness of the opposition - 54%
  • The centralization of power - 45%
  • Open persecution of the opposition - 41%
  • A low level of interaction among members of the society - 41%
  • Censorship and control over the mass media - 20%
  • The limited access to information sources - 16%
  • The lack of free elections - 6%
  • Infringements on the citizens’ right to self-expression - 4%
  • I do not support the proposition that Ukraine’s democracy is threatened by anything - 0%
  • Other - 20%

In your opinion, will Ukraine be able to shift from its multivector policy to a single official direction (either pro-Western or pro-Russian) in its foreign policy in the next two or three years?

  • Definitely yes - 13%
  • Probably yes - 4%
  • Probably no - 75%
  • Definitely no - 8%

In your opinion, which socially important developments will be able to enhance the EU image among Ukrainian citizens?

(the respondents were able to choose up to three options)

  • Introducing visa-free travel to the EU - 67%
  • Signing a Ukraine-EU association agreement - 54%
  • Setting up a free trade area with the EU - 50%
  • Successes of the countries which have recently joined the EU - 29%
  • Hosting the Euro 2012 football championship - 17%
  • Financial assistance from the EU - 17%
  • Implementing the Eastern Partnership programme - 17%
  • Poland’s presidency in the EU - 4%
  • Other - 17%

In your opinion, which differences among Ukrainian citizens have the most impact on their readiness for the European integration?

(the respondents were able to choose up to three options)

  • Regional (the territory on which they reside) - 66%
  • Mentality - 58%
  • Cultural - 50%
  • Age - 37%
  • Historical - 33%
  • Social - 33%
  • National - 8%
  • Religious - 4%
  • Professional - 4%
  • Other - 8%

In your opinion, who in Ukraine is mostly interested in the "Eastern Partnership" programme?

(the respondents were able to choose up to three options)

  • Representatives of political and social organizations - 54%
  • A narrow circle of experts - 46%
  • Representatives of local self-governments - 25%
  • The government - 17%
  • The opposition - 8%
  • The general public - 4%
  • Other - 29%

Which aspects of the "Eastern Partnership" programme are the most important for Ukraine?

(the respondents were able to choose up to three options)

  • Adjusting the Ukrainian legislation to the EU laws - 58%
  • Simplifying the visa regime - 46%
  • Enhancing Ukraine’s energy security - 42%
  • Cooperating in the fight against corruption - 38%
  • Working on the Ukrainian-EU association agreement - 29%
  • Strengthening the civil society - 29%
  • Scientific cooperation (grants, scholarship programs) - 29%
  • Financing the programmes intended to improve the administrative structure of the government - 21%
  • Promotional programmes on the local level (cultural, social, economic) - 13%
  • Other - 4%

Could you please rate the assistance with EU integration which specific EU states provide to Ukraine? Please use a five-point scale where "5" stands for "assist the most" and "0" denotes "no assistance".

The support of which countries do you consider the most important in the process of Ukraine's integration into the EU?

(the respondents were able to choose up to three options)

  • Germany - 83%
  • Poland - 58%
  • France - 54%
  • Great Britain - 50%
  • Sweden - 25%
  • The Czech Republic - 13%
  • Italy - 4%
  • Other - 8%

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